Jessica, Kayalin, Natalie, Celeste, Cali, and Jordan.

Group Members and Roles

  • Natalie S- Debater, TV PSA editor/actress, Facebook help, Pamphlet help
  • Kayalin I- Speech, Poster, TV PSA actress
  • Cali M- Photographer, Facebook help, TV PSA actress
  • Celeste C- Pamphlet, Radio PSA, TV PSA voice
  • Jessica A- Mailer, Facebook, TV PSA filmer
  • Jordan L- Journalist, Script writer for PSA

Group Slogan:

While forming a government you need to be wise, it's hard to please both of the sides; the only way to fix this is with the Great Compromise!

What Your Group Wants -- Plan for New Constitutionp3-great-compromise-poster.jpg
Bullet Points of Your Plan:
  • Please both the small and large states while making it fair.
  • Three branch legislature.
  • Bi-cameral Legislative branch.
  • Representation by population in House of Representatives; 1 seat per 30,000 people.
  • Equal Representation in Senate; 2 Senators per state.
  • A slave is counted as 3/5's of a person for appointing taxes and representational purposes in the House of Representatives.

Orator: Text of Your Speech

Good afternoon gentlemen, good sirs, people of the Constitutional Convention,

We have gathered here today to make choices that will mold our country, our lives, and all generations after us from this day forward. I advise you to remember this when making each of your decisions; these things are not to be taken lightly. I myself do not take them lightly. That is why I here propose The Great Compromise.
Let me explain myself my friends, we’re in the face of a dilemma; one that threatens this very convention and therefore our freedom. We must prove that we can not only function on our own as an independent country, as the united States, but thrive! An issue divides us all, balance of power.

There have been two good proposals, but highly controversial depending on just which state you chose to ask. It is time that we stop thinking of ourselves as states but as together, united comes first; the united States. This convention has become a show down between the small and the large states, but we can’t afford complications like this when our freedom and progress as a nation is on the line. So I ask you all to hear me out! Middle ground is the destination we need to reach in order to continue moving forward and to draft a Constitution that will rule a great nation.

The Virginia Plan proposes a new style of government, a three branched government: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. But the Legislative has power over the other two branches and states will be represented proportionally to population in the Senate and House of Representatives. Additionally, the legislature can regulate interstate trade, deny laws considered unconstitutional, and use armed forces to enforce laws. My people, please let me take you back to pre-revolution times for a brief moment, these conditions are frighteningly reminiscent of the tyrannical British whom we just shed our brother’s blood and lives to rid our country of.

The New Jersey Plan is a rebuttal to The Virginia Plan, but I’m afraid it is not radical enough. The New Jersey plan proposes equal representation in a one house legislature. “All men are created equal” these words came from our brother here within this room, Mr. Jefferson, and we must value these words in our government. All people deserve representation.

Neither will win this battle, and that is why I am here to say that there is an alternative; a compromise. The Great Compromise takes aspects from each of the opposing plans; we will have a three branch government: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The legislative branch will be bicameral. We will have a House of Representatives which will hold a seat for every 30,000 people a state has; making influence proportional to population. This will please the larger states. The smaller states argue that the slave population in the southern states should not count towards their representation in the government being that slaves are not citizens in their state, but this issue will also be solved with a compromise. Each slave will be counted as 3/5’s of a person. Above the House of Representatives will be the Senate, where equality will hold strong. Each state will have two senators. This gives equal representation, preventing the smaller states from being stomped out by the more populous ones.

My fellow Americans, we are now the united States. Therefore we must make our name proud and unite. We must please all people to ensure that history will not repeat itself; we can not oppress our own people like the British did unto us. If you leave tensions boiling, they will one day emerge again. (Little did they know the Civil War was right around the corner.) So we must not favor the aristocrat or the farmer, the Southerner or the New Englander, the large state or the small; we must compromise to please all Americans! We must unite our ideas; unite our people; unite our States. We all have a common goal: the success of our country. It wasn’t until we worked together that we won the war and it will not be until we work together that we will see this country blossom. Gentlemen, it is up to us to set the foundation for rest of our nation!

Why Our Plan is Good:

The Great Compromise blends the best aspects of both the New Jersey and Virginia Plan. The legislature will be bicameral, meaning there will be two houses; one will have equal representation, while the other is based on population of the state.

Print Journalist: Write Up of Convention Activity
Great Compromise Handout

From the start of the Convention, we could see that the situation was laid out in our favor. The same fight was not much so taken by the four other sides. The Crispus and Dixie groups for the most part branched off into a continual argument about the necessity of slavery, while the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan took the subject of state representation into their own hands. We, The Great Compromise, possessed the advantage of advocating both sides, and playing on both of their benefits and faults.
The debate was opened by the advocates of the Virginia Plan, initially putting forth that it was unfair to assume that the smaller states had less representation, despite the fact that the smaller states had smaller populations to boast. New Jersey quickly retaliated, claiming that they were being “oppressed” by the states with much larger populations, therefore controlling a larger share of the vote. After being quoted by the constitution, they threatened to leave the meeting, even bringing up the idea of secession. Virginia, however, welcomed the idea, noting that they could hardly stand as a country alone, just as we could not stand as a nation divided. As this conversation was quickly teetering towards all-out civil war, our group quickly reminded the mass that “spite follows warfare”; that, even with a victory over a rebellious sect, the disagreements would continue to linger on.
It was then that the Crispus decided to put forth its position. They, sensing the newfound tension caused by the spiking of the clash, quickly diverted the topic to the question of slavery. They proposed that, before we lay out a Constitution, we must quickly come to terms with the abolition of slavery, for the sakes of future states. The Dixiecrats, who it seemed, had been waiting to be challenged so forwardly, was quick to respond. They claimed that, after a…colorful argument, a vast removal of slaves, if done instantly, would reduce our economy to rubble. With two separate arguments going forth at once, those of The Great Compromise waited patiently to make a jab into both sides, draw the good from both of them, and concoct a solution that would partially meet the needs of all.
Virginia now saw the need to bring its argument back into the spotlight. It stressed the relationship of the People vs. the People, rather than the States vs. the States. They reminded the Convention that “Power from Geography has failed before”, and would again fail us. However, those of the New Jersey plan viewed this as outright tyranny. Would not we having a non-proportionate voting population in Parliament lead to a revolution? The smaller states would have little to no say in crafting laws, levying taxes, and other duties of Congress.
It was then, seeing no complete solution from either of the proposals laid forth thus far, that we, those of The Great Compromise, decided meld the ideas into a partial, but universal solution. We argued that “United comes first” as we emphasized the importance of a “Balance of Power”. Larger states like Virginia presiding over the voting would be little different than the oppression we fought against the British to unshackle ourselves from. A three-branch government, like one proposed by the New Jersey Plan, was necessary for this country. However, an element of populative representation was also favorable, to avoid sinking into the hole of aristocracy that was so feared by the Post-Revolutionary mindset. The Great Compromise, consisting of two Houses of Legislature, therefore, was preferable. Both ideas would be included, with a populative congress drafting legislature, and a equal-representative states-general congress approving them. A momentary silence followed this.
This was followed by a resuming of the argument about slavery, which guided the debate to a close. With our final point sticking, as well as incorporating the ideas of both sides of the argument, I firmly believe, as well as I believe that most of the Convention believes, that The Great Compromise is the only way that we may guide this delicate subject of self-government to the only successful republic of its like of the time-period, one that would shock the world into ratifying their own constitutions, that the common Good may benefit ever more.


Radio PSA

Great Compromise Brochure, Page 1

Great Compromise Brochure, Page 2

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