Paige, Amy, Victoria, Anneka , David, Quinlan, Shannon, and Christina.

Group Members and Roles
  • Anneke Z- Poster and Journalist
  • Victoria B- Photographer and Pamphlet
  • Christina C- [[#|Mailer]]
  • Paige T- Writing Speech
  • Shannon T- TV PSA and Facebook Page
  • Amy B- Debate
  • David B- Presenting Speech and Debate
  • Quinlan M- Radio PSA

Group Slogan:More People More Votes That's The Way Virginia Floatsposter-001.jpg

What Your Group Wants -- Plan for New [[#|Constitution]]
As a part of the Virginia Plan, we want to ensure that no large state doesn't receive fair representation Therefore, states whose populations are bigger will receive more seats in the National Legislature. Along with this, we would like to follow the ideas of Montesquieu and create three branches of government will be established in order to achieve a balance in power. To do this, a Legislative branch will elect members into the other two branches, Judicial and Executive. The Legislative branch will contain two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate; the House of Representatives will be elected by the people, and the Senate will be elected by state legislatures.

Bullet Points of Your Plan
  • The Legislative branch will do away with all the laws created by the Articles of Confederation, and proceed to build a new goverment
  • New government must include three branches: Judicial, Legislative, and Executive
  • The Legislative branch will contain two houses (bicameral)
  • Seats in the Legislature will given based on size of population to give fair representation
  • State legislatures will aid in jurisdiction of laws in their own states, and the national legislature will be granted jurisdiction to create laws for the country as a whole
  • A system of checks and balances will be created so as to make sure that not one branch will receive all power.
  • State legislatures remain in place to create laws for their own states, while national legislature creates laws for the entire country

Orator: Text of Your Speech
Greetings gentlemen, my fellow Americans. I, James Madison, stand before you a proud man. After years of living under oppression, years of fighting for our inalienable rights, years sacrificing our well-being against all odds, we finally have obtained, nay earned total independence from the injustices imposed upon us by the monarchy of Britain. Together, we defeated the undefeatable British army, and thus became true Patriots and citizens of our United States of America!

And yet, we are not truly countrymen, united under a uniformed government. The Articles of Confederation have failed to bind together these states of the new United States of America; let me repeat, united. Our country’s first steps as an independent nation have been met with internal quarrels, petty squabbles, and complete disunity among our states. No one expects us to last; foreign countries do not respect our leadership abilities. We MUST show them that we are not just the rebellious children of the former Mother England, who will come crawling back, begging to be ruled over by a monarchy. It is imperative that we have a foundation that is just and radiates equality. We need a strong centralized government to guide our people to a better, more unified nation: one that is recognized worldwide as a leading power. We as Americans require a plan that will truly fix our way-laid government, not merely plug the holes in a weakening dam.

But there is hope, my friends. The Virginia Plan will provide just what we need. Unlike the New Jersey plan, whose framework is derived directly from the Articles of Confederation, which have already proven themselves to be too weak to be effective, the Virginia Plan will be the light in these dark and troubled times in the history of our young country. It proposes equal taxation based on the proportion to each state’s “quota of contribution,” or the number of free inhabitants, granting the rights which we so valiantly fought for against the tyrannical King George. The Virginia plan also encompasses three branches of government, all with equal share of power. Moreover, it offers representation through a bicameral government, also based on population, which not included in the New Jersey Plan.

Brethren, the time has come to for is choose our own destiny, and our choice is clear. The Virginia plan is the path we must take in order to secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity, as so eloquently stated by Virginia’s own Thomas Jefferson. Let us not allow our fight for freedom go to waste. We must unite ourselves, lest our hard won battles be all for not

Why Our Plan is Good:The ideals of the Virginia plan represent exactly why we fought for our independence: democracy or, fair representation. To obtain this, states with a bigger population (such as Virginia or Massachusetts) must receive more votes in Legislature, so as to better represent the large mass of people within the state. For if everyone's opinions or ideas were not voiced due to other states' over-representation, we would not have true democracy. The common fear from the smaller states is that they themselves will become the minority and be underrepresented, and therefore be overruled by the larger states who have a greater numbers. However, we worked and fought hard together, and have your best interest in mind; we all have one common goal and do not intend to leave any voice unheard.

Print Journalist: Write Up of Convention Activity
Virginia Plan Handout

The stage is set for a smooth day at the Constitutional Convention as James Madison steps confidently onto center stage. He stands stately and tall as the room goes quiet; all eyes are on Madison as he begins to speak. He greets everyone as eloquently as ever and begins to speak of our recent victory against England, stating that “We defeated the undefeatable British army and thus became true Patriots and citizens of our United States of America.” He continues on, speaking of the unity that will be intrinsic in preventing our nation from shattering. Madison propounds the idea that our government has “a foundation that is just and radiates equality” and that we need a strong central government to assure this unity and equality, earning a wave of booing and hissing from the juvenile supporter of the New Jersey Plans. Despite this, Madison is calm and collected and explicates that, “The Virginia Plan is the path we must take in order to secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity.”
William Patterson is the next to stand in the spotlight and abruptly addresses the convention without so much as an introduction. As he stumbles through the beginning of his speech, Patterson insults every American, stating that “Our title ‘Americans’ will become synonymous with hypocrisy and tyranny.” Apparently, hypocrisy is something that Patterson is familiar with, as he says with confidence, “Why shouldn’t the fair people of the United States be allowed to vote based on population? Aren’t we all here to figure out how to solve our common problems? Aren’t we all here to work for the common goal of establishing a republic that is by the people, for the people? Indeed we are. Virginia is merely representing the interests of its people, which is a noble act” and then continues on to say that Virginia is uncaring, biased and corrupt. This canard is just the beginning of a descant that drones on as his eyes flicker timorously around the room. His concentration--while spreading this message of “a plan that calls for each state to have a single vote in a single legislative branch of government”-- is broken easily by the well -deserved outcries of the dismayed crowd. Because of this lapse in concentration, he is forced to go back and correct himself more often than is excusable for a man of power and prestige. This weak and tedious argument leaves everyone in a state of utter confusion and alarm.
The esteemed Rodger Sherman (who graciously introduced himself) steals the spotlight and suggests a compromise. He, too, is stuttering and tripping on words as he attempts to flatter those who came before him with his garrulous manner. Sherman talks of a great compromise and proposes “a bicameral Congress, made up of the House of Representatives and Senate,” a seemingly sensible, if not entirely possible, way for our government to be run. However, the crowd becomes restless when he begins to lightly criticize both the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan; his shroud of complacency is broken and he makes an ignominious display of himself. He pulls through his momentary lapse in composure and exhorts us to take up this two-part government, something which I believe many Americans would consider much too complicated for a blossoming nation.
After this vital issue of how the government is to be run, the argument about slavery begins. The Dixiecrat bloc and the Crispus Atticus Coalition go head to head as they attempt to prove their points. Neither side has a potent enough argument to win over the majority of the crowd, so they both return to their seats with faces flushed with fury.
A heated debate follows immediately after these speeches, featuring representatives supporting: The Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, the Great Compromise, the Crispus Atticus Coalition, and the Dixiecrat Bloc. A representative of the Virginia plan avers that having a number of representatives in the Legislative Branch that is proportional to the population of that state is the only logical way to go about creating a government from scratch. Using solid arguments, he continues on to convince us that the Virginia Plan is the way to go, while a supporter of the Dixiecrat Bloc carries on a side conversation with William Patterson. One would wonder what they are discussing, but any thoughts beginning to form are cut short as the monotone partner of Patterson drones on with irrelevant information that one can make neither head nor tail of. Madison decides to throw Patterson’s partner a “hypothetical bone,” giving an example that puts on our minds a clear example of the justness of the Virginia Plan. Madison’s unwavering eye contact, ingenuity and relevant examples make his argument all the stronger, while the supporter of the New Jersey plan’s tremulous and vague statements give us an ominous feeling pertaining to the very plan he is supposed to be advocating. This is when the great compromisers chime in. Sherman has another erratic outburst and begins to shout uncontrollably about completely irrelevant topics that do not back his argument up in any way. All we can make out of this uproar is, “We would have to go crying back to Britain.” Nobody is exactly sure what all the yelling is about, but one thing is certain: we are all wondering how someone so capricious with so little confidence in America can have a clear idea of how to run the government.
The background throughout this debate are the steadily rising voices of George Mason, Charles Pickney and their partners. Arguing a seemingly endless dispute with no concrete points--only vague morals--neither side can seem to be won over, and repetitive talk of sweeping this controversy “under the rug” is heard. With both sides so unbending and unwilling to cooperate, the final course of action is left undecided as Madison, Patterson, and Sherman begin their final arguments.
Again Madison’s partner starts the discussion, this time speaking of the true meaning of the people ruling, saying that majority rule is what it is all about. Patterson rushes forth with a cursory rebuttal that compares this just idea of majority rule to the tyranny of King George III. He continues to treat Madison in an ungracious and contumely manner until he is interrupted by Sherman’s sidekick who states that majority rule is the definition of democracy. All seems well until he turns right around and says that the minority matters just as much as the majority. A choleric Sherman starts to speak and contradicts himself at every turn, eventually resorting to bribery to win over the hearts of the convention.
Madison and his partner stand strong against the ludicrous arguments of their opponents and remain placid throughout the chaotic environment in which they are placed. If anyone in the convention had a realistic and agreeable solution for the government, it would be these clear-headed supporters of the Virginia Plan.

Virginia Plan brochure, Page 1

Virginia Plan brochure, Page 2


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